De-Ba'athification

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De-Ba'athification

Post  tungduong_9102 on Sun 7 Nov 2010 - 16:59

De-Ba'athification (Arabic: اجتثاث حزب البعث‎) refers to a Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) policy expressed in CPA Order 1 which entered into force on 16 May 2003.[1] The policy’s goal was to remove the Ba'ath Party's influence in the new Iraqi political system.[1] To accomplish its goal, the policy declared that all public sector employees affiliated with the Ba'ath Party were removed from their positions, and banned from any future employment in the public sector.[1] The policy was highly controversial among US academics, institutions, government, military, and international media and debate outlets.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The policy under the Coalition Provisional Authority was officially rescinded on 28 June 2004 as part of the transfer of sovereignty to the Iraqi Interim Government on 30 June 2004.[10] Critics of the policy, however, claim that the policy continued under the new authority of the Iraqi Interim Government, Governing Council, and later under the elected Iraqi Parliament.[11] Proponents of the policy contend that the policy effectively cleansed Iraqi society of Ba'athist influence thereby facilitating the creation of a democratic Iraqi government.[5][8] Critics argue that not only was the policy undemocratic, but was also a significant factor in the deteriorating security situation throughout Iraq.[12][13][14][7][15]

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